Paul Leu

Personal | Department
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Pittsburgh
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, 2008

The Laboratory for Advanced Materials at Pittsburgh (LAMP) under the direction of Professor Paul W. Leu, focuses on designing and understanding advanced materials by computational modeling and experimental research. Simulations and experiments are used in a synergistic manner to study the mechanical and electronic properties of nanomaterials and surfaces for various applications.

The goal of LAMP is to design better material systems through a combined modeling and experimental approach. Much in the same way that finite element modeling is now foundational in mechanical engineering design, multiscale and device modeling will become increasingly important in the prediction and understanding of nanomaterial and surface properties. In addition, these techniques can be used as a design tool for evaluating and optimizing various design metrics. Current areas of interest include 

  • Ab initio modeling of nanomaterials and surfaces 
  • Combining physical simulations with optimization methods 
  • Nanomaterial manufacturing and characterization
  • Solar cells
Most Cited Publications: 
  1. "Three-dimensional nanopillar-array photovoltaics on low-cost and flexible substrates," Zhiyong Fan, Haleh Razavi, Jae-won Do, Aimee Moriwaki, Onur Ergen, Yu-Lun Chueh, Paul W Leu, Johnny C Ho, Toshitake Takahashi, Lothar A Reichertz, Steven Neale, Kyoungsik Yu, Ming Wu, Joel W Ager, Ali Javey, Nature Materials 8, 648 (2009)
  2. "Nanowire active-matrix circuitry for low-voltage macroscale artificial skin," Kuniharu Takei, Toshitake Takahashi, Johnny C Ho, Hyunhyub Ko, Andrew G Gillies, Paul W Leu, Ronald S Fearing, Ali Javey, Nature materials 9, 821 (2010)
  3. "Ultrathin compound semiconductor on insulator layers for high-performance nanoscale transistors," Hyunhyub Ko, Kuniharu Takei, Rehan Kapadia, Steven Chuang, Hui Fang, Paul W Leu, Kartik Ganapathi, Elena Plis, Ha Sul Kim, Szu-Ying Chen, Morten Madsen, Alexandra C Ford, Yu-Lun Chueh, Sanjay Krishna, Sayeef Salahuddin, Ali Javey, Nature 468, 286 (2010)
  4. "Ordered arrays of dual-diameter nanopillars for maximized optical absorption," Zhiyong Fan, Rehan Kapadia, Paul W Leu, Xiaobo Zhang, Yu-Lun Chueh, Kuniharu Takei, Kyoungsik Yu, Arash Jamshidi, Asghar A Rathore, Daniel J Ruebusch, Ming Wu, Ali Javey, Nano letters 10, 3823 (2010)
  5. "Challenges and prospects of nanopillar-based solar cells," Zhiyong Fan, Daniel J Ruebusch, Asghar A Rathore, Rehan Kapadia, Onur Ergen, Paul W Leu, Ali Javey, Nano Research 2, 829 (2009)
Recent Publications: 
  1. "Ultrahigh-transparency, ultrahigh-haze nanograss glass with fluid-induced switchable haze, " S. Hanghanifar, T. Gao, R. T. Rodrigez, O. De Vecchis, B. Pafchek, T. D. B. Jacobs, and P. W. LeuOptica, 4, 2334 (2017)
  2. "Novel Carrier Doping Mechanism for Transparent Conductor: Electron Donation from Embedded Ag Nanoparticles to the Oxide Matrix," Po-Shun Huang, Fen Qin, Ziye Xiong, Hyunwoo Shim, Tongchuan Gao, Paul W Leu, and Jung-Kun Lee, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9, 19973 (2017)
  3. "Engineering inverse woodpile and woodpile photonic crystal solar cells for light trapping," Baomin Wang, Kevin P Chen and Paul W LeuNanotechnology 27, 225404 (2016)
  4. "Broadband light absorption enhancement in ultrathin film crystalline silicon solar cells with high index of refraction nanosphere arrays," Baomin Wang, Tongchuan Gao, Paul W Leu, Nano Energy 19, 471 (2016)
  5. "Hierarchical graphene/metal grid structures for stable, flexible transparent conductors," Tongchuan Gao, Zhiting Li, Po-shun Huang, Ganesh J Shenoy, David Parobek, Susheng Tan, Jung-kun Lee, Haitao Liu, Paul W Leu, ACS Nano 9, 5440 (2015)
  6. "High index of refraction nanosphere coatings for light trapping in crystalline silicon thin film solar cells," Baomin Wang, Paul W LeuNano Energy 13, 226 (2015)

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