From 3D to 2D and Back Again
Graphene, a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice, is probably the best known, and most extensively characterized two-dimensional material. However, this represents just one of a larger class of van der Waals materials, in which atomic monolayers can be mechanically isolated from the bulk. By integrating these materials with one another, an exciting new opportunity has emerged in which layered heterostuctures can be fabricated with properties beyond those of the constituent materials. In this talk I will present some of our recent efforts where, by tuning the geometry of these heterostructures at the nanoscale, we are able to realize yet a new level of control over their electronic properties.