Quantum Leap: From Test of Quantum Foundations to New Quantum Technologies (AIP) with lines
Driven by the initial curiosity of “spooky action at a distance” referred by Einstein, in the last few decades, many developed ground-breaking technologies for coherent manipulation of quantum systems offers elegant and feasible solutions for satisfying increasing needs of computational power and information security. Over the past three decades, the promises of super-fast quantum computing and secure quantum cryptography have spurred a world-wide interest in quantum information, generating fascinating quantum technologies for coherent manipulation of individual quantum systems. However, the distance of fiber-based quantum communications is limited due to intrinsic fiber loss and decreasing of entanglement quality. Moreover, probabilistic single-photon source and entanglement source demand exponentially increased overheads for scalable quantum information processing. To overcome these problems, we are taking two paths in parallel: quantum repeaters and through satellite. Based on these techniques, we are developing quantum repeaters that combine entanglement swapping, entanglement purification, and quantum memory for the ultra-long distance quantum communication. The second line is satellite-based global quantum communication, taking advantage of the negligible photon loss and decoherence in the atmosphere. The quantum science satellite ‘Micius’ was launched in 2016, and accomplished High-rate QKD between satellite and ground, quantum entanglement distribution from satellite and 1uantum teleportation from ground to satellite, for the first time.