Eric Stach, Brookhaven National Laboratory: Using In-Situ and Operando Methods to Characterize Working Catalysts

The field of electron microscopy has seen dramatic advances in the past decade, with the development of advanced electron optics such as aberration-correctors and source monchromators, new detector modalities and advances in sample manipulation and probing. In this talk, I will detail activities within the Electron Microscopy Group at Brookhaven National Laboratory’s Center for Functional Nanomaterials, with a specific focus on understanding the structure, composition and performance of heterogenous catalysts in-situ and in- operando. Specifically, I will describe how environmental transmission electron microscopy can be used to create real time movies of the nucleation, growth and growth termination of carbon nanotubes. Thereafter, I will detail new methods that are being developed to characterize working catalysts in-operando using a closed-cell micro reactor which allows imaging at atmospheric pressure. Finally, I will describe how this same micro reactor allows correlated measurements to be obtained from both electron microscopy and x-ray spectroscopy and diffraction and will present a vision for the integration of this capability into the facilities that are soon to come online at the National Synchrotron Light Source-II at BNL.